Here is a picture taken from space just after the Boxing Day 2004 earthquake, which caused a horrific tsunami. The Boxing Day 2004 earthquake, which caused a terrible tsunami. This combination shows a file photo taken (left) of a large mosque, surrounded by rubble, on Dec. 28, 2004, in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, the site of a huge earthquake-triggered tsunami on Dec. 26, 2004, and a picture of people visiting the mosque on Dec. 11, 2014. This combo shows a file photo (top) taken on Jan. 5, 2005, of a devastated neighborhood of Banda Aceh, on Sumatra Island, Indonesia, after the massive Dec. 26, 2004 tsunami triggered by an earthquake, and the same location photograph taken Dec. 1, 2014 (bottom) showing newly built homes and rebuilt communities. This combo shows a file photo (top) taken on Dec. 28, 2004, of a relief worker looking at the rubble of hotels and shops in Phi Phi Island, Thailand, where surrounding coastal villages were devastated by the massive Dec. 26, 2004 tsunami triggered by an earthquake, and a more recent scene of construction in the same spot on Dec. 12, 2014.
This photograph shows the destruction caused by the Dec. 2004 tsunami on the western coast of Sumatra. This photograph taken from space shows damage caused by the December 2004 tsunami which hit the island of Little Andaman, off India. The wave from the tsunami, which was caused by a tsunami in Chile in the 1960s, struck the West Coast of the United States several hours later.
The 60 Chilean tsunami generated a 35-foot-high wave that killed 61 people and caused $23 million in damages. Not only was there a Pacific-wide tsunami caused by that large earthquake, but also localized, yet highly destructive, waves were generated by the failure of coastal fjords like Valdez.
The largest quake ever measured, magnitude 9.5, set off a chain of tsunamis across the Pacific Ocean, devastating Hawaii. A tsunami is caused by a large earthquake in the southern Pacific.
For nearly 60 years, the leading theory of this tsunami claimed that it was caused by a powerful undersea earthquake. In the aftermath of the tsunami at Lituya, scientists realized for the first time that a land slide–90 million tons of rock, in Lituyas case–could generate the massive waves. Experts in Switzerland modeled it, and it showed that such a breakdown could generate a wave that could swallow up all of Americas eastern seaboard ports, something they thought might happen in a similar tsunami 120,000 years ago. Geologists think the tsunami formed there and rippled through the Pacific Ocean, reaching Hawaii, Japan, even Australia.
There are some reports of tsunami waves originating in a Caribbean earthquake off the west coast of the United States in the early 20th century, which are hard to assess, but all appear to have been smaller than one metre high. Tsunami waves in modern history are not as tall, and it is highly unlikely tsunami waves would have broken the way that they are depicted. Scientists say that tsunamis caused by volcanoes, not earthquakes, are relatively rare.
The historical record for tsunamis off the West Coast of the United States includes mostly tsunamis caused by earthquakes that are larger in scale and located along the Pacific Ocean. Tsunamis are not (for the most part) one-wave, oceanic events; they are pulsed, and they usually involve a number of waves, which are not nearly as visually striking as movies would lead people to believe. Tsunamis are gigantic waves caused by an earthquake or a volcano under the ocean. Scientists do not use the term tide waves, as tsunamis are not caused by tides.
Historical photographs showing the effects of a tsunami caused by an earthquake with its epicentre off Newfoundland, Canada. Three small islands of the Tongass, the Tonga, suffered major damage as a result of a tsunami surge, officials and the Red Cross said on Wednesday, as a wider picture began to emerge of destruction caused by the explosion Saturday by a subsea volcano off the Pacific archipelago. Undersea Volcano Erupts The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haapai Undersea volcano in Tonga, triggering tsunami activity throughout the Pacific, continued throughout Sunday afternoon. A large volcanic eruption in Tonga causes tsunami waves worldwide The tsunami waves worldwide from Tonga have reportedly caused major damage to the capital city of the island nation, engulfing it in dust.
The eruption was strong enough to trigger a tsunami warning for the west coast of the United States. On 11 March 2011, a earthquake and tsunami hit off Japans coast, leading to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to explode, causing widespread damage across the region.
Photographers came from far and wide to document and react to the earthquake and tsunami. One shot, a woman wrapped in her blanket looking for her child, became the iconic image of Japans earthquake-tsunami-nuclear catastrophe. For those of us unable to watch the high waves of displaced water from a safe distance, here are a few images and videos posted from the Bay Areas tsunami events yesterday.
After Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haapai volcano caused the tsunami alert worldwide – a volcanic explosion that is now possibly the most powerful ever captured by a satellite – deep waves of displaced water began moving towards the Bay Area, the regions most dangerous tsunami event in more than a decade. None of the countries worst affected had a tsunami warning mechanism in place to warn people of an incoming wave, and because tsunamis are rare in the Indian Ocean, locals were unaware of how to escape into the interior following the shaking.
This combination shows an undated photo (L) taken January 2, 2005, of the damaged Teunom Mosque, located in the Aceh Jaya area, Indonesia, in the aftermath of a large earthquake-triggered tsunami on Dec. 26, 2004. The Teunom Mosque, located in the Aceh Jaya area, Indonesia, and the same location photograph taken Dec. 11 (R) shows a renovated mosque, surrounded by new houses and a reconstructed neighborhood.